MANIPURTedim Chin Folk
Tedim Chins are mountain tribesmen from North East India, who trace their pre-historic roots
to Tibet and afterwards to Burma. In ancient times, Tedim Chins were primarily agriculturists,
engaged in Jhum cultivation on the hill slopes. Animal hunting was an indispensable game
for them as also head hunting. Tedim Chins were animists who revered the spirits of deceased kinfolk.
Trees and stones were also venerated as objects of worship. With the advent of western
missionaries in the early 20th century, the Tedim Chins left animism and embraced Christianity.
Tedim Chins speak the ‘Tedim’ dialect, which also uses the Latin script and is linguistically
grouped under the Tibeto-Burman group of languages. Their songs reflect tales from folklore,
exploits in war, achievements in hunting, farming ventures, romantic anecdotes,
unfortunate incidents and joyous celebrations.
The performers of the song live in Lamka. They are members of the local Church, gifted
in singing and chanting old folk songs. Most of them have received basic education. They
work in the government or manual-work for a livelihood. They are adept in playing
traditional musical instruments like Khuang (hand held drum made of animal skin), Dak
(traditional bells), Zam (gongs), Phiit (bamboo whistle) etc.
The song you hear, “Tuizum Mangkang,” is a collection of 4 different songs, each having different meanings and connotations. The tune and flow of the songs however remains the same. The tune is categorised as Sannem La Kaih, which is just one among many other tunes and styles found in this folk tradition.
Song - TUIZUM MANGKANG
Voices - Kam Cin Lian, Kap Sian Thang, Neng Khan Nang, Niang Lun Cing, Go Lam Thang , Man Go, Dai Suan, Go Biak Cing , Zam Cin Thang, Niang Za Vung, Vum Khan Do, Cing Suan Ciin, Khawm Sawm Pau, Ngai Za Nem, Khup Khan Cin, Ning Man Dim
- Gong - Khan Za Lian
- Drum - Dai Suan
- Mithun's Horn - Vum Khan Do
- Coordinator - Thang Lian Khup Sukte